CVB1 Lesson 14

Creative Violin Book 1

This lesson is about combining the high 2nd finger (1st grip) and the low 2nd finger (2nd grip)
See how the flat/natural (G-string) and the natural/sharp (D- A- E-string) determines if we
have a low or high second finger.
Look at the beginning of each staff where you will see the key signature.
The flats or sharps affect the according notes on the whole staff and all octaves.

It is essential to start lesson 14 with this theory.
As we will learn this in practice too it will give you a huge head start on the understanding of lesson 14.

When do we use a high 2nd finger, when should it be low?
All about the theory behind the "1st and 2nd grip".
Learn about the accidentals, sharps, flats and naturals.

Am I playing too fast? Hover over the video and click on "-" to slow it down. (Down in the center).

Lesson 14 Combining 1st and 2nd grip

This is about combining the high 2nd finger (1st grip) and the low 2nd finger (2nd grip)
See how the flat/natural (G-string) and the natural/sharp (D- A- E-string) determines if we
have a low or high second finger.
Look at the beginning of each staff where you will see the key signature.
The flats or sharps affect the according notes on the whole staff and all octaves.

Am I playing too fast? Hover over the video and click on "-" to slow it down. (Down in the center).

63

Combine the 1st and 2nd grip.
We have 2 sharps, for the notes F and C, becoming F# and C#.
This gives us a high 2nd on the G-string (that is a natural high 2nd finger, doesn't need a sharp)
2nd on the D-string is an F, now F#: high 2nd.
2nd on the A-string is a C, now a C#: high 2nd.
2nd on the E-string is a G, there is no sharp for the G so this remains a low 2nd finger.
In the book you will see the red arrows to guide you.
Don't forget you can check the chart (Scale of D) for reference.

CVB1 63

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64a

The scale of G over 2 octaves.
The chart shows you the positions of the fingers.
The sharp at the beginning of the staff is for the note F (on all pitches!)
As it is the sharp for the 1st finger on the E (the normal position of the 1st) it osla affects the 2nd finger on the D (also the note F).
This 2nd finger is now a high 2nd.
Also try to do this by ear, hear when you should play a high or low 2nd.
In this case don't read, just play it!

CVB1 64a

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64b

The same scale, G major, only now combining a few other techniques, bowing, portato, 3/4 measure...
See if you can already remember where to play the high or low 2nd.

CVB1 64b

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65

The famous Minuet in G by J.S. Bach.
If you did 64b right you are able to play this Minuet, same key, same bowings.
Don't forget the rehearsal marks!

CVB1 65

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66

D major again, 2 sharps.
This is the D-scale in "broken 3rds" as we call it.
It will bring you in the correct setting for ex. 67.

CVB1 66

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67

Ardeleana, a nice cheerful dance from Romania.
We will see a "double stop", playing 2 strings (the D and A) together.
In the 3rd line you will see a sharp placed in the measure, in front of the note, the G, 2nd finger on the E-string.
The rule is now that this sharp affects that note and all the following notes of THE SAME PITCH (so all the next G's of the same pitch), in that same measure.
The next measure it should be natural again (unless there is another sharp placed for that note).
As you can see in the 2nd measure of that line (measure 10), the G has a sharp again, high 2nd finger on the E-string.
The next G in that measure is also the 2nd finger on the E-string again, that would be a G#, but now you see the natural sign for that note, making it a natural G again, low 2nd.
The following measure the G is a natural, low 2nd...

CVB1 67

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68

Planxty Hewlett.
A Planxty is an Irish song written for harp.
These beautiful songs have been covered by many other instrumentalists, flute, Uilleann pipes but of course, violin too.
Key of D again, 2 sharps.
It is very common to play an Irish song several times, maybe alter the arrangement a bit each time.
This backing track repeats 3 times, each time an instrument (or two) is added.

CVB1 68

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69

Handel's famous Largo, also known as "Ombra Mai Fu", being the opening aria from the opera Serse (Xerxes).
An aria is sung, but many instrumentalists have chosen to play this in their own versions.
You are one of them now!
(Key of G!)

CVB1 69

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70

Pachelbel's Canon in D.
Study this right and you will be asked to play at weddings, where this is often played.
You may use the backing track to play along with, I recorded the string orchestra for you to make it sound as the real thing, just like 63 and 69.
This is our first encounter with 16th notes.
Two 16th notes fit in an eighth note, four 16th notes in a quarter.
8th notes have a single flag (single) or beam (more notes written together).
16th notes have a double flag (single) or beam (more notes written together).
We will get more into that in Creative Violin book 2.

CVB1 70

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