CVI1 Lesson 2

We will learn what chords are, from what they are made up of and how we use them.
Chords take care of the “harmony”part of a song, putting chords one after another gives us a chord progression.
We will work with many chord progressions, but in this lesson we start with one of the most basic progressions using the
I, IV and V.
It will all come very clear if you follow every step of Lesson 2.
Master this as the next lessons will all be based on this.
Theory, yes, but as in the previous lesson, all hands on!!

1 Chords and Progressions

Rock & Roll will give us the best examples of the use of the most basic chord progressions, using I, IV, V
Dive in to find out what that is all about and start building your intuitive skills on various chord progressions using these 3 chords.

We will start off in the key of C and I will explain chord-basics an basic progressions in this video.
Let's Rock & Roll!

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2 C-G-C

Our first chord progression is C-G-C, (1-5-1, or in Roman numbers I-V-I).
Before explaining what this is it is best to first listen to them.
Try to hear that the chord "C" is the root chord, we are in the scale of C, so the song would best end on the root: C.
Can you hear the "end" chord in this little progression?

 

Am I playing too fast? Hover over the video and click on "-" to slow it down. (Down in the center).

3 C-G-C exercise

Hands on now, with the chords C and G we can play the C-scale.
I will do one-on-one with you to get acquainted with playing on this chord progression.
Mix up the notes of the C-scale and experiment along with me.

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 3 BT

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4 C-F-C

Another chord progression is C-F-C (1-4-1, or in Roman as we should do: I-IV-I)
Before all explanation let's listen to how it sounds first.
Try to hear the difference between the F and the G chord.

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5 C-F-C exercise

As in tab 3 we will do the same one-on-one, but now with C-F-C.

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 5 BT

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6 Expanding the chord progression

We will expand the chord progression a bit and play a progression that can be found in many pop songs.
C-F-C-C (I-IV-I-I)
G-F-C-C (V-IV-I-I)

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7 Exercise on the expanded chord progression

Same procedure, but now a bit longer phrases on this popular pop chord progression.
C-F-C-C (I-IV-I-I)
G-F-C-C (V-IV-I-I)

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 7 BT

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8 Formulas

Chords are based on the scale we play in.
They are created by building up 3rds from the root note, 1 (root) 3 and 5 (so far).
Doing the same but from a different step of the scale we get different chords, built out of the scale too.
The steps in the scale get a number: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, the octave.
To be sure we are referring to steps in a scale we use Roman numbers!
We will write them as: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII

Now we can make formulas from the chord progressions.
C-G-C will be written down as: I-V-I.
C-F-C will be I-IV-I.

Taking this to different keys will make it easy with this formula, fill in the key to the "I" play that scale and you're all set.

We will do the same as in the previous, but in the key (scale) of D.
D is now the 1st step (The Roman "I"), G is the 4th step ("IV") and A the 5th step ("V")

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9 Exercise in the scale of D

We will play this chord progression in D.
D-G-D-D (I-IV-I-I)
A-G-D-D (V-IV-I-I)

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 9 BT

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10 The Blues structure

Rock & Roll is often based on the Blues structure, a 12-bar structure.
We will get into the Blues deeper in the next lesson.
In its most basic form we have this chord progression, taking the scale of G in this example:

In Formula:
I-I-I-I
IV-IV-I-I
V-IV-I-V, Only the last time it ends on the root: V-IV-I-I

We take the scale of G now, then G is the root (I), C is the 4th step in its scale (IV) and D is the 5th step (V).
G-G-G-G
C-C-G-G
D-C-G-D Only the last time it ends on the root: D-C-G-G

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11 Exercise the Blues structure in G

Play the scale of G and then use those notes in the next exercise.
The chord progression one more time:

In Formula:
I-I-I-I
IV-IV-I-I
V-IV-I-V (Only last time: I)

We take the scale of G now, then G is the root (I), C is the 4th step in its scale (IV) and D is the 5th step (V).
G-G-G-G
C-C-G-G
D-C-G-D (Only last time: G)

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 11 BT

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12 Exercise the Blues structure in C

Play the scale of C and then use those notes in the next exercise.
The chord progression one more time:

In Formula:
I-I-I-I
IV-IV-I-I
V-IV-I-V (Only last time: V-IV-I-I)

We take the scale of C now, then C is the root (I), F is the 4th step in its scale (IV) and G is the 5th step (V).
C-C-C-C
F-F-C-C
G-F-C-G (Only last time: G-F-C-C)

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 12 BT

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13 Exercise the Blues structure in D

Play the scale of C and then use those notes in the next exercise.
The chord progression one more time:

In Formula:
I-I-I-I
IV-IV-I-I
V-IV-I-V (Only last time: V-IV-I-I)

We take the scale of D now, then D is the root (I), G is the 4th step in its scale (IV) and A is the 5th step (V).
D-D-D-D
G-G-D-D
A-G-D-A (Only last time: A-G-D-D)

Download: CVI1 Lesson 2 13 BT

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